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Powers and Responsibilities of an Administrative Officer Under the GST Act


The Goods and Services Tax (GST) Act, implemented in India in July 2017, introduced a significant shift in the indirect taxation system. A vital player in the smooth functioning of this regime is the Administrative Officer, entrusted with a diverse array of powers and responsibilities. Their roles range from the assessment of tax to seizure and confiscation of goods in case of non-compliance.

Definition of Administrative Officer

An Administrative Officer under the GST Act is an officer appointed under section 3 of the Central Goods and Services Tax Act 2017. They are vested with certain statutory powers and duties to ensure the effective implementation and administration of the Act.

Key Powers of an Administrative Officer

Power to Assess Tax (Section 73 and Section 74)

The Administrative Officer has the authority to assess the tax liability of registered persons under the GST Act. This is undertaken through the scrutiny of returns and relevant documents to ensure correct tax payment and avoid tax evasion. If discrepancies are identified, the officer can serve a show cause notice to the taxpayer.

Power to Conduct Audit (Section 65)

The Administrative Officer can conduct audits at the premises of the taxpayer. The purpose is to verify the correctness of the taxpayer's turnover, taxes paid, refund claimed, and input tax credit availed, ensuring the compliance with the provisions of the Act.

Power to Search and Seize Goods (Section 67)

In cases where there is reason to believe that goods liable to confiscation or documents essential for proceedings are secreted, the officer can authorize search and seizure operations. The goods and documents seized shall be returned when proceedings relating to such goods or documents are concluded.

Power to Demand Tax (Section 73, 74, and 75)

If a taxpayer fails to pay tax, the officer can determine the tax amount due and demand the tax, along with interest and penalty.

Power to Confiscate Goods (Section 130)

If the person transports or stores any goods while they are in violation of the provisions of the Act, the officer can confiscate the goods or conveyances carrying the goods.

Case Laws Relevant to Powers of the Administrative Officer

M/s Inox Air Products Pvt. Ltd. vs Union Of India & Others

This case showcases the Administrative Officer's power of tax assessment. The court ruled that the Administrative Officer has the authority to determine the tax liability after considering the facts and circumstances of each case.

M/s Shabnam Petrofils Pvt. Ltd. vs Union of India & Others

This case illustrated the Administrative Officer's power to demand tax. The court observed that the officer has the authority to serve a demand notice on the taxpayer for the unpaid tax, and it is the taxpayer's responsibility to pay the due amount.

Conclusion: Administrative Officer under GST Act

The role of the Administrative Officer under the GST Act is crucial in ensuring compliance with the Act's provisions, preventing tax evasion, and facilitating the smooth functioning of the GST regime. Through their powers of tax assessment, audit, search, seizure, demand, and confiscation, the officer helps maintain transparency, fairness, and efficiency in the GST system.

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