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CEDAW: The Magna Carta of Women's Rights

The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) is often referred to as the international Magna Carta for women's rights. Let's delve deeper into why this comparison holds weight.

1. Understanding the Magna Carta and CEDAW

A. The Historical Magna Carta

The Magna Carta, also known as the Great Charter, was signed in England in 1215. This revolutionary document played a monumental role in the development of constitutional law, establishing the principle that everyone, including the monarch, is subject to the law.

B. The Modern Magna Carta - CEDAW

Similarly, CEDAW, adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in 1979, is a landmark international agreement that affirms the fundamental human rights of women. It serves as a blueprint to promote women's rights and achieve gender equality globally.

2. The Principles of CEDAW

CEDAW's principles and provisions align with the essence of the Magna Carta by providing a universal law applicable to all women. Its principles include:

  1. Non-Discrimination: It explicitly defines discrimination against women and sets an agenda for nations to take action to end such discrimination (Article 1).

  2. Equality: It emphasizes the equality of men and women, asking state parties to abolish discriminatory laws, customs, and practices (Article 2).

  3. State Obligations: It outlines the responsibility of states to protect women's rights and take appropriate measures against discrimination (Articles 2-16).

3. Impact and Implementation of CEDAW

CEDAW's influence extends beyond its text, shaping norms, laws, and policies in countries worldwide:

  1. Influencing Domestic Laws: Many countries, including India, have amended their legislation or introduced new laws aligned with CEDAW's principles, enhancing women's rights protection.

  2. Creating Accountability: State parties are obligated to submit national reports on measures taken to comply with CEDAW's treaty obligations, fostering a system of accountability.

  3. Raising Awareness: CEDAW has been instrumental in highlighting women's rights issues at the international level, prompting discourse, and action towards gender equality.

4. CEDAW in Indian Context

India signed and ratified CEDAW in 1993, which has led to significant developments in women's rights laws in the country:

  1. Legal Reforms: The introduction of the Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act, 2005, the Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition, and Redressal) Act, 2013, and amendments in the Indian Penal Code concerning sexual offences were all influenced by CEDAW's principles.

  2. Women Empowerment: CEDAW has been instrumental in promoting women's participation in public and political life. It influenced the 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendment Acts, which reserve 33% seats for women in local self-government.

  3. Social Change: India's societal perspectives on women have seen gradual transformation due to the influence of CEDAW, leading to a more gender-inclusive environment.

5 Relevant Case Law

In Vishaka vs. State of Rajasthan, the Supreme Court acknowledged the absence of legislation to address sexual harassment at the workplace and referred to CEDAW, thus crafting the Vishaka Guidelines.

6. Conclusion

Undoubtedly, CEDAW has lived up to its reputation as the 'Magna Carta of women's rights', setting comprehensive international standards for the achievement of gender equality. It has significantly shaped the landscape of women's rights in India and continues to inspire further improvements. The convention's true potential will be realized when its principles are wholly embodied in the fabric of every society.

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